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Important Facts on Indian Freedom Movement

The Congress tri-colour flag was hoisted on 26 January 1930. The people took pledge to fight for achieving complete independence. It became a red letter day for the Congress. To make this day memorable in our history, the Indian Constitution was formally adopted on 26 January 1950. This day is now celebrated as the Republic Day.

In The Salt Satyagraha of 1930 or The Civil Disobedience Movement, Gandhi covered the distance of 241 miles (about 400 K.M.) from Sabarmathi Ashram to Dandi on foot in 25 days with 78 chosen followers including Sarojini Naidu. The slogan Vande Matharam echoed everywhere.

Rash Behari Bose was an Indian who had settled in Japan since 1915. He organized a freedom conference in Tokyo in March 1942.

The Punjab tragedy (Jallianwalabagh Massacre, 13 April 1919) had a lasting impact on succeeding generations. Rabindranath Tagore renounced his Knighthood as a measure of protest. Gandhiji returned the Kaiser-i-Hind medal given to him by the South African Government. C.F. Andrews, a friend of Tagore, Gandhi and Nehru, wrote to Mahadev Desai, after a visit to Amritsar, “It was a massacre, a butchery.”

Gandhiji wrote a series of articles in the magazine, the Harijan. He explained his ideas which were soon to take shape as the historic Quit India Movement. He made it clear that he could no longer afford to wait. He said. “If I continue to wait I might have to wait till doomsday.” Gandhi was so impatient that he said, “Personally I am so sick of slavery that I am even prepared to take the risk of anarchy.”

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